Australia's securities regulator is probing Westpac Banking Corp. on allegations of insider trading, just months after the country's second-biggest lender paid a record fine to settle breaches of anti-money laundering laws.
The allegations relate to Westpac's role in executing a A$12 billion ($9.3 billion) interest-rate swap transaction with a consortium made up of AustralianSuper and a group of IFM entities in October 2016, according to a statement Wednesday from the Australian Securities & Investments Commission. AustralianSuper, Melbourne, has more than A$200 billion in assets.
The probe comes after Westpac paid an A$1.3 billion fine for violating rules to prevent money laundering last year, capping a saga that dented the bank's reputation and cost former Chief Executive Officer Brian Hartzer his job. Scrutiny on the nation's biggest banks remains intense after years of scandals and a litany of misbehavior plagued the institutions at the heart of Australia's economy.
"The sad reality is the banks are often absorbing remediation costs, litigation costs, and penalties," said Nathan Zaia, Sydney-based analyst at Morningstar. It's too early to know whether Westpac will be fined, though, "we don't envisage it being large enough to materially damage the equity value of the bank," he said.
Westpac said it's taking the new allegations seriously and is considering its position. Shares ended Wednesday lower 0.1% in Sydney.
ASIC said it began proceedings Wednesday against the firm in the Federal Court for insider trading, unconscionable conduct and breaches of its Australian financial services licensee obligations.
According to the allegations, at about 7 a.m. local time on Oct. 20, 2016, the AustralianSuper consortium signed an agreement with the New South Wales government for the acquisition of Ausgrid, the state's electricity infrastructure owner.
The regulator alleges that by about 8:30 a.m. Westpac knew, or believed, it would be selected by the consortium to execute the interest rate swap transaction on that morning. ASIC alleges this was inside information.
Then, when the market opened at 8:30 a.m., Westpac traders bought and sold interest rate derivative products in order to pre-position Westpac in anticipation of the execution of the swap transaction, according to the ASIC statement. The bank executed the trade at 10:27 a.m., the regulator said.
Westpac didn't provide the consortium with full disclosure about its intention to pre-position its trading books prior to executing the swap transaction, ASIC said.
Interest rate swaps are futures contracts that aren't traded on public exchanges.
The New South Wales government sold a 50.4% stake in the power network Ausgrid in a deal that at the time valued the entire company at about A$20.8 billion. As part of the transaction, a special purpose vehicle was set up in syndicated debt funding. The accompanying interest rate swap transaction, valued at about A$12 billion, remains the largest such transaction in the history of Australian capital markets, ASIC said.
ASIC's case is being helmed by Philip Crutchfield, a lawyer who also led the case against banks including Westpac for alleged bank-bill swap manipulation.
The allegations Wednesday come just months after Westpac last year settled with AUSTRAC, the government agency responsible for weeding out criminality in the financial system, paying the largest levy ever against an Australian firm.
"It's fair for investors to be disappointed when they hear the bank undertaking in questionable conduct, but this was a few years ago," Morningstar's Mr. Zaia said. A long-running government inquiry into the financial industry along with the AUSTRAC fine has "hopefully" improved regulatory and compliance frameworks, and lowered the risk of such things happening again, he said.