BMO Global Asset Management is closing its exchange-traded funds business in Europe after a four-year struggle for market share in an industry dominated by large firms and low-fee offerings.
The Montreal-based manager, which oversees $669 million in 13 funds, plans to shut the ETFs on or about Jan. 21, according to a regulatory notice. The move was prompted in part by "the current level of assets under management and projected asset growth in the current market environment," it said in the notice.
A spokesman for BMO said the closures will have "no material impact on BMO GAM's wider investment proposition."
Since listing its first regional products in 2015, the firm's market share has flatlined at 0.1%, compared with 45% for BlackRock Inc. and 10.5% for DWS Group, according to data compiled by Bloomberg Intelligence. New competitors are knocking on the door. Goldman Sachs Asset Management entered the European market this year, while WisdomTree purchased a specialist ETF business last year.
"It's just a natural part of competition and firms rationalizing their lineups," said Athanasios Psarofagis, a European ETF analyst at Bloomberg Intelligence in London. "But it's much harder for the little firms."
Fee pressure is also ramping up, with the likes of Vanguard Group recently slashing costs on its passive products in the region. Paris-based Amundi rolled out nine products charging just 5 basis points earlier this year.
"This has been a big year for fee cuts, so I think they just saw the difficulty in competing there and scaling up," Psarofagis said.
The largest fund affected is the BMO Bloomberg Barclays 1-3 Year Global Corporate Bond GBP Hedged ETF with about £142 million ($183 million) in assets.