Rich universities are investing to save the heart of their college towns: the small businesses near campus.
Colgate University in Hamilton, New York; Williams College in the Berkshires town of Williamstown, Massachusetts; and Yale University in New Haven, Conn., are among schools that own commercial spaces and have waived rent since sending students home during the coronavirus pandemic.
Columbia University in New York, has done the same for dozens of businesses, including Tom's Restaurant, the diner at Broadway and 112th Street made famous in the TV show "Seinfeld."
"I was worried how was I going to pay the rent, keep going and this and that. That was a big help for us," said Michael Zoulis, part owner of the restaurant, which has been in his family since the late 1940s. Tom's still had to lay off 25 to 30 workers, he said, as business dropped when Gov. Andrew Cuomo ordered almost all New Yorkers to stay home from work.
The relationships between colleges and college towns can be fraught. Schools are typically exempt from paying property taxes, and students can be unruly. But colleges need vibrant retail to make their communities thrive. The absence of customers since campuses sent students home is a threat to commercial districts' survival. So are government orders to close most nonessential businesses.
Colleges in the U.S. own about 20 million square feet of retail space, according to CoStar Group Inc., a firm that tracks commercial real estate data. While some of the wealthiest schools can step in to help, those with more modest finances may be fighting for their very survival as enrollments that drive tuition revenue are uncertain. Williams, with an endowment of $2.9 billion, is the richest U.S. liberal arts college, while Yale's $30.3 billion endowment ranks second only to Harvard's $40.9 billion among U.S. private universities.
"Looking across all of retail, these owners and tenants and the lenders also all depend on each other," said Kevin Cody, a senior consultant at CoStar. "If one of them fails, the other two will be impacted by it negatively."
However, schools are not typical landlords.
"Universities are less likely to have their financial stability dependent on income from their retail space," Cody said. "They may be able to weather the storm more than other owners of retail."
Columbia's abatement is being offered to small, local businesses, most of the almost 350,000-square-foot portfolio, the school said. The Ivy League school declined to say what financial loss it is absorbing. Its endowment stood at $11 billion for the fiscal year ended June 30.
Colgate sits in the village of Hamilton, population of about 6,000. About 20 years ago, the university began buying boarded-up empty buildings and created a corporation, Hamilton Initiative LLC, to run the real estate arm. Today, the initiative owns about 111,000 square feet across 10 buildings, and it has offered its 15 tenants a rent abatement for three months, said Daniel DeVries, a college spokesman. They include a yoga studio, restaurants and a boutique.