New York City's pension plans have invested $1 billion in private equity firms that the second-largest U.S. teachers' union says profit from mass incarceration, including a buyout fund that owns the phone provider to the city's jails, despite the retirement system's push to avoid prison-related businesses.
The pension plans have invested in Platinum Equity LLC and American Securities LLC, owners of Securus Technologies Inc. and Global Tel-Link Corp., respectively, according to a review of city investments. The companies dominate the market for phone and video visitation services to prisons and have been sued by inmates and their families for charging exorbitant fees. Securus provides phone service to New York City's 8,000 inmates. The pension plans also invest in Apax Partners, which bought 3M's electronic monitoring business, Attenti, in 2017.
The holdings illustrate how pension plans' investments in private equity firms, whose various partnerships typically hold several companies, can conflict with mandates to pull taxpayer money away from certain industries, such as tobacco or fossil fuels, seen at odds with the public good. For such reasons, New York City's pension plans in 2017 sold $48 million of stocks and bonds from the prison companies GEO Group Inc, CoreCivic Inc. and G4S PLC.
On Tuesday, the American Federation of Teachers released a report with a "watch list" of seven private equity firms invested in areas such as privatized prison health care, commissary services and bail bonds. The union said pension plans should avoid buyout investments in prison service providers or push asset managers to sell them because of the financial and legal risks the companies pose.
"The more people you have incarcerated, the more you profit. The incentives are misaligned," AFT President Randi Weingarten said in an interview. "You have tremendous bipartisan support for limiting the number of people who are incarcerated. That makes it an investment risk."
The U.S. criminal justice system has drawn scrutiny for having the world's highest prison rate and a disproportionate jailing of African-Americans. In the State of the Union, President Donald Trump touted the First Step Act, legislation that reforms harsh federal sentencing laws and gives judges more discretion in sentencing.
Private prisons, especially, have drawn fire for alleged inmate abuses and for having incentives to keep jails full, cut costs, or both.
In August, New York Mayor Bill de Blasio signed a law making prison phone calls free following pressure about the high prices being charged by Securus. The city collected $5 million from inmate calls and Securus made $3 million, according to the Correction Accountability Project, which advocated for the free calls. Starting in May, the city will pay Securus $2.75 million directly for service through March, according to the Department of Corrections.
John Adler, the director of the mayor's office of pension plans and investments, said he would consult with pension trustees to determine a course of action regarding the private equity holdings.
Tian Weinberg, a spokeswoman for city Comptroller Scott Stringer, said the office will "engage" the fund managers.
Report called misleading
The AFT's report is inaccurate and misleading, said Joanna Acocella, vice president of corporate affairs for Dallas-based Securus.
"Securus is proud of offering technologies that keep incarcerated individuals connected with family and friends, and providing free educational services that prepare them for success after release," she wrote in an email. "We'd be happy to meet with the AFT."
Mark Barnhill, a spokesman for Los Angeles-based Platinum Equity, which owns Securus, said transparency and dialog are vital to relationships with investors.
"While we may not agree with all of the AFT's conclusions, we wholeheartedly support the fundamental recommendation that pension fund trustees raise any concerns about these issues directly with the private equity managers they invest with," Mr. Barnhill in an email.
Randy Brown, a spokesman for Global-Tel Link, declined to comment, as did Amy Harsch, a spokeswoman for American Securities, which owns the company.
Todd Fogarty, a spokesman for London-based Apax Partners, which owns Attenti, said it was unclear why the company was included in the teacher union's report since the ankle bracelets and other monitoring services it provides enable individuals under probation to stay out of prison.
"This is part of the solution to the issues the group has raised, rather than part of the problem," Mr. Fogarty wrote in an email.