KKR, Blackstone Group and the firms' founders must face a lawsuit alleging they failed to deliver hedge fund returns as advertised, a judge in Kentucky ruled Nov. 30 in a decision that might present new legal challenges for managers of alternative investments.
The lawsuit, filed in December 2017, claims large asset managers misrepresented expensive and risky "black-box" bundles of hedge funds as safe ways to generate high returns. The suit was filed on behalf of the $12.3 billion Kentucky Retirement Systems and state taxpayers. The plaintiffs group includes a sitting judge, a retired state trooper and a firefighter.
In rejecting the defendants' bid to dismiss the case, Franklin County Circuit Court Judge Phillip Shepherd wrote in a 35-page opinion that "the pleadings should be liberally construed in a light most favorable to the plaintiff and all allegations taken in the complaint to be true."
He dismissed claims against one defendant, the Government Finance Officers Association, which represents public finance officials in the U.S. and Canada, ruling the plaintiffs failed to allege a breach of duty.
The judge left one controversial matter pending: a plaintiffs' request to subject hedge fund materials submitted in the case — which they have described as "black boxes" — to broad public scrutiny.
Managers of private equity and hedge funds have long battled to remain exempt from open-records requirements that apply to other government contractors and to keep the details of their relationships with public pension plans confidential.
The disclosure matter is likely to be hotly contested in future proceedings. The judge ordered the parties to confer within 30 days on the scheduling of discovery and other pre-trial matters.
Defendants include KKR co-founders Henry Kravis and George Roberts, Blackstone founder Stephen Schwarzman, Prisma Capital Partners CEO Girish Reddy and PAAMCO CEO Jane Buchan. Several outside advisers and Kentucky pension plan officers and directors also are being sued.
The defendants have denied wrongdoing. The plaintiffs' claims are "meritless," according to Don Kelly, an attorney representing Blackstone Alternative Asset Management.
The firm "fully complied with all its commitments to KRS, delivering more than $150 million in net profits to Kentucky pensioners and outperforming by nearly three times the benchmark target set forth by KRS in its contract," Mr. Kelly said in a statement. "This lawsuit is an unfortunate and misguided attempt by plaintiffs' lawyers to blame others for KRS' funding shortfalls, which pre-dated the investments at issue."
Kristi Huller, a spokeswoman for KKR, said in a statement that "we take our fiduciary duty very seriously and continue to believe that the allegations about our firm are meritless, misplaced and misleading."