J.P. Morgan Chase has been sued by a participant in its 401(k) plan for allegedly causing employees to pay millions of dollars in excessive fees through a scheme motivated by “self-interest.”
The plaintiff claims J.P. Morgan, as well as various board and committee members with oversight of the $21 billion retirement plan, breached their fiduciary duties by, among other things, retaining proprietary mutual funds from the bank and affiliate companies for several years, despite the availability of nearly identical, lower-cost and better-performing funds.
The funds were “more expensive than necessary and not justified on the basis of their economic value to the plan,” according to the proposed class-action lawsuit, Beach vs. J.P. Morgan Chase Bank et al., filed Wednesday in U.S. District Court in New York.
During the class period, 2010 through 2015, roughly half of the investment options in the 401(k) plan were proprietary funds, according to the plaintiff, Terre Beach, who also claimed the bank maintained “lucrative business arrangements” with BlackRock Institutional Trust Co. that caused a “flooding of the plan” with BlackRock funds.
Additional allegations include the failure to adequately review investment options to ensure each was prudent in cost and performance; failing to offer commingled accounts, separate accounts or collective trust funds in place of mutual funds, despite their “far lower fees”; and failing to adequately monitor fiduciaries managing plan assets.
“We have received the complaint and are reviewing it. We disagree with the central allegations and look forward to defending the claim in court,” said Jennifer Lavoie, a spokeswoman for the firm.
The lawsuit is the most recent in a string of class-action cases brought against other financial services companies for self-dealing in their 401(k) plans, largely within the past year, including Edward Jones, Morgan Stanley, Neuberger Berman, Franklin Templeton, New York Life Insurance Co. and American Century InvTempleton, New York Life Insurance Co. and American Century Investments.
Record-keeping firms Voya Financial, Fidelity and Xerox HR Solutions have also recently been sued over alleged pay-to-play schemes involving advice firm Financial Engines.