Comedian John Oliver criticized the American retirement savings system and expressed bona fide support for the Labor Department's fiduciary rule on his HBO show June 12, calling out non-fiduciary advisers, high 401(k) fees and active management using his characteristic satirical brand of comedy.
“Between financial advisers, high fees and underperforming active management, the entire retirement plan industry is a potential minefield, and you need to pay attention,” the British comedian said on “Last Week Tonight with John Oliver.”
The segment is available on YouTube.
A comedian who has appeared on “The Daily Show with Jon Stewart,” Mr. Oliver cast a negative light on advisers paid on commission, saying they are sometimes “actively incentivized” to make certain recommendations with sales perks such as gifts or high commissions, and therefore might not be serving a client's best interest.
“Generally, it is currently legal for financial advisers to put their own interests ahead of yours, unless they are what's called a 'fiduciary.' Because not all financial advisers are bound to act in your best interest, but fiduciaries are,” Mr. Oliver said.
Mr. Oliver showed support for the Department of Labor's fiduciary regulation, which raises investment advice standards for retirement accounts by making a fiduciary of any intermediary receiving a fee for investment advice.
Mr. Oliver said it's “great” that the Labor Department is pushing all advisers to act as fiduciaries in retirement accounts. He also mentioned the financial services industry has “fought this rule hard,” already filing five lawsuits to delay the rule and have it vacated, while Congress passed a resolution trying to kill the regulation. (President Barack Obama vetoed the resolution.)
His arguments seem almost lockstep with talking points used by the Labor Department to promote its regulation, and he even references a report by Sen. Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass., a staunch rule advocate, on annuity sales incentives.
“His stuff tends to be a little inflammatory. He puts all the rats on one side of the ship; he really skews it,” said Anthony Domino Jr., managing principal at Associated Benefit Consultants.
The industry argues the rule would raise compliance costs and litigation risk, potentially pricing some small-account savers from the market by making it more expensive to give and receive advice.
Mr. Oliver also criticizes 401(k) fees that are high, opaque and difficult to understand. Comparing 401(k) fees to termites, Mr. Oliver said the fees are tiny, barely noticeable and can eat away at investors' futures.
“While it's not unreasonable for them to get paid for providing a service, there can be a lot of different fees,” Mr. Oliver said. Compound interest works both ways, helping to make your savings grow over time, but can also hurt if fees are high and erode those savings, he added.
He also expresses how active management is a loser's game, highlighting the story of a cat named Orlando who chose investments with the help of a toy mouse, ultimately returning 11% while the professionals returned 3.5%.
“That cat wasn't a complete anomaly. There's growing evidence that over the long term most managed funds do no better and often do worse than the market,” Mr. Oliver said.
Aaron Pottichen, retirement services practice leader at CLS Partners, a registered investment adviser, said Mr. Oliver's segment is a service to investors because it perpetuates an important discussion around retirement savings. However, he's skeptical it will ultimately do much to promote change.
“I think it helps, but it's kind of like we're shaving ice off an iceberg,” Mr. Pottichen said. “Ultimately, there's more underneath than what's on top. I think it's a step in the right direction, but I think it ultimately won't change things.”
All of the blame for whatever shortcomings exist in the retirement services industry can't be put entirely on the financial services companies, Mr. Pottichen said. Consumers bear some of the blame as well.
“Consumers are not victims in this circumstance,” Mr. Pottichen said. “It's almost impossible to buy something through a broker without being able to determine what it is. It's just people aren't asking questions. So all the blame can't go on the industry.”
Some of the blame for poor 401(k) plans belongs to plan sponsors as well, according to Fred Barstein, founder and CEO of The Retirement Advisor University.
“I don't want to be seen as defending the industry, because there are some things we could obviously do better,” Mr. Barstein said. “But on the other side of that, this whole thing with indirect fees and revenue sharing and how fees got high, it all started because plan sponsors didn't want to pay and wanted to pass off the fees to their participants.”
It's difficult to engage small employers with their respective 401(k) plans — most small-business owners are worried about the day-to-day affairs of their business, and 401(k) plan management is often secondary to those concerns, Mr. Barstein said.