Sixty-one percent of P&I Online readers believe the S&P 500 will fall if bond yields continue to rise.
The yield on the 10-year Treasury bond was up 46 basis points, or 27%, to 2.16% in May. Meanwhile, the S&P 500 was up 2.08% for the same period.
The poll results are in contrast to some forecasts made last month.
David Kostin, Goldman Sachs' New York-based chief U.S. equity strategist, raised forecasts for the U.S. equity benchmark, predicting it will finish 2013 at 1,750, according to a May 20 research report.
Goldman Sachs' increase comes after Thomas Lee, J.P. Morgan Chase's chief U.S. equity strategist, lifted his estimate to 1,715 from 1,580 earlier in May.
Bloomberg contributed to this report.