GDP has been growing but at a slower pace. A weaker yuan led to a 2015 spike in U.S. exports, but waning confidence in the currency and distrust in the regime underlines the country's economic future. Capital is fleeing the country, and foreign investors have shown less interest than they once did. Foreign reserves have been used to support the currency, but only as a stopgap. Observers believe open and more transparent markets are necessary to support the economy long term.
Slowing growth: GDP growth has been consistently higher, but at declining rates since 2009. The validity of the state-released data has often been questioned, but non-government indicators have been consistent and non-contradictory.
Waning interest: Declining GDP growth hasn't gone unnoticed. That, along with foreign investors' concern over market stability, and how current market restrictions will mute long-term prospects, has reduced interest in the region.
Debt bubble: Restrictions on share issuances coupled with low interest rates have led to large amounts of debt issued as companies lever up to finance growth. The resulting debt bubble has become only as stable as the currency behind it.
Cash burn: The Bank of China has propped up the yuan's value by spending its reserves and restricting capital outflows, resulting in a decline in foreign investment. Year-to-date gains by the yuan against the dollar have eased pressure on the reserves.