The development of buy side-owned equity trading venues has attracted interest from long-term investors.
U.S.-based Luminex Analytics & Trading LLC, set to open for business this year, and Europe-based Plato Partnership Ltd. are being developed against a backdrop of increased pressure on costs, regulatory demand for best execution, recent regulatory investigations into the U.S. dark pools operated by banks, and concerns about some participants in existing dark pools.
“We manage our equity exposure largely internally, and we also do the trading internally,” said Thijs Aaten, managing director, treasury and trading, at APG Asset Management, Amsterdam, Netherlands. The firm has €400 billion ($453.3 billion) in assets under management, including the €344 billion pension fund ABP, Heerlen, Netherlands.
“I'm definitely willing to consider new venues that we can trade on. If there is an advantage to it, then it would be silly not to make use of it. It is our fiduciary duty, and if there is a new opportunity, we have to investigate.”
Luminex is a buy side-to-buy side trading venue owned by a consortium of nine money managers, representing a total of about $15 trillion under management: Fidelity Investments, BlackRock (BLK) Inc. (BLK), Bank of New York Mellon (BK) Corp. (BK), The Capital Group Cos. Inc., Invesco (IVZ) Ltd., J.P. Morgan Asset Management (JPM), MFS Investment Management, State Street Global Advisors and T. Rowe Price Group Inc.
Managers declined to disclose their financial commitments.
Plato's consortium includes two money managers: Deutsche Asset & Wealth Management and Norges Bank Investment Management, manager of the 6.6 trillion Norwegian kroner ($870 billion) Government Pension Fund Global, Oslo. “We believe we will be naming more firms in coming months,” said Stephen McGoldrick, project director, Plato Partnership, in London.
Both venues were created to give long-only money managers and institutional investors back the power they need to fulfill their best execution requirements, and to ultimately save costs for their clients when trading large blocks of securities.
APG is keen to trade with long-term asset holders, Mr. Aaten said. “(That type of trader,) taking a fundamental but opposite view on the same company, is the cheapest to trade with. But finding that long-term trader is difficult. This is what those new, buy side-to-buy side platforms are about — helping to find those long-term asset owners, (which) will lower our trading costs.”
He said the traditional model, where the sell side acts as a go-between for buyer and seller, and high-frequency traders are admitted, is more expensive. High-frequency traders “don't have a fundamental view on an equity, but trade on information from the order book. Because of technological advantages they have this information before I do ... in our experience, they are the most expensive type of trader to trade against,” Mr. Aaten said.
“The consortium's goal is that Luminex will become self-sustaining, offering its clients a low-cost, fully transparent trading venue for large peer-to-peer block orders, preserving as much alpha as possible for the trading partners' clients,” said Jeff Estella, director, global equity trading at MFS in Boston.
A BlackRock (BLK) spokesman said company officials believe “alternative trading platforms are invaluable execution tools for investors seeking to avoid information leakage and reduce market impact,” and a spokesman for Fidelity said Luminex “will be focused on helping the investment management community more efficiently source block liquidity.”
Excess cash flow will be reinvested in Luminex, rather than making a profit for the consortium.
Being designed as non-profit-making entities for the members of the consortiums is a key point in the platforms' favor, said sources.
Plato's consortium members have goals similar to those for Luminex.
“The consortium's key aims for this project are to reduce trading costs, simplify market structure and to act as a champion for end investors — a vision which we firmly back,” said Oyvind Schanke, Oslo-based chief investment officer, asset strategies, at NBIM.
Buy side and sell side Plato participants will have equal say on key decisions, and the model was developed with an eye on European regulation, said Mr. McGoldrick.
The intention is to open Luminex to other long-only managers, but there are requirements. This new platform will require a commitment from users of a minimum block size of 5,000 shares or a value of $100,000, whichever is smaller, said a spokesman for Luminex.
Should an order be matched, it is guaranteed to execute. Users also can increase the size of their block trade. Hedge funds that abide by the same rules are permitted on the platform, but not high-frequency traders.
Still, liquidity and the likelihood of finding a match are two issues that hang over the success of Luminex and other buy side-to-buy side platforms.
“Trading venues that focus on block trades tend to have a natural ceiling in terms of market share,” said Anish Puaar, London-based market structure analyst, Europe, at Rosenblatt Securities Inc.
“The reduction in the average size of trades due to algorithmic and electronic trading means it can be hard for natural counterparties to transact blocks with each other. A trading venue that is limited to one type of counterparty or flow could further decrease the chances of finding a block trade,” Mr. Puaar said.
However, Mr. Puaar said Luminex and other block-trade venues are likely to be just one option in the process.
William D. Macaluso, managing director, global head of broker/dealer relationships at BNY Mellon Investment Management in Boston, agreed.
“It becomes a question of how long does the seller want to wait: some firms might say 30 minutes — if nothing happens in that time, then they will probably route to another marketplace to get that trade executed,” he said.
“It is unlikely that the majority of our trades will go through Luminex. But we are hoping for a high percentage, which would be best for us and the underlying investors. We view it as the No. 1. choice for quality of execution and cost,” Mr. Macaluso added.
This article originally appeared in the February 23, 2015 print issue as, "Investors warming up to venues being created by manager groups".